AskDefine | Define trunnion

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

  • /ˈtrʌn,i.ən/, /"trVn.I.@n/

Noun

  1. a rotational bearing, any one of
    1. The short stubby bearings on either side of a cannon; a gudgeon
    2. A rotational bearing comprised of a rotating arc or ring sliding in a groove of a stationary arc. Used when you wish to have rotation without an axle. Used especially in table and band saws inorder to tilt the blade or table respectively. The trunnion allows the angle between the blade and table to be adjusted while keeping the point where the blade passes through the table stationary.

Translations

Extensive Definition

A trunnion is a cylindrical protrusion used as a mounting point.

Usages

In weapons

  • In a cannon, the trunnions are the two projections on the side of the barrel which mount the barrel in the carriage.
  • On firearms, the barrel is sometimes mounted in a trunnion, which in turn is mounted to the receiver. This usage is common for tubular or pressed metal frame guns, such as the Kalashnikov, PPSh, Uzi, Sten, and others.

In vehicles

  • In older cars, especially those by the Triumph Motor Company, the trunnion is part of the suspension and either allows free movement of the rear wheel hub in relation to the chassis or allows the front wheel hub to rotate with the steering. On many cars the trunnion is machined from a brass or bronze casting and is prone to failure.
  • In aviation, the term refers to the structural component that attaches the landing gear to the airframe. For aircraft equipped with retractable landing gear, the trunnion is pivoted to permit rotation of the entire gear assembly.
  • In heavy equipment, such as a bulldozer, the term refers to the protrusions on the vehicle frame on which the blade frame attaches and hinges allowing vertical movement.

In other technology

Trunnion bearings

In avionics, these are self-contained concentric bearings that are designed to offer fluid movement in a critical area of the steering.
The term is also used to describe the wheel that a rotating cylinder runs on. For example, a lapidiary (stone-polishing) cylinder runs on a pair of rollers, similar to trunnions. The sugar industry uses rotating cylinders up to 6.7 metres in diameter and 40 metres long weighing around 1000 tonnes. These rotate at around 30 revolutions per hour. They are supported on a pathring which runs on trunnions. Similar devices called rotary kilns are used in cement manufacture.
trunnion in German: Schildzapfen
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